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《中国电力行业年度发展报告2019》在京发布

2019-08-01

为(wei)全面、客观反(fan)映电(dian)力(li)行业(ye)2018年(nian)度发展(zhan)与改革情况,服务电(dian)力(li)行业(ye)企(qi)业(ye)科学发展(zhan),日前,中国电(dian)力(li)企(qi)业(ye)联合会(以下(xia)简称(cheng)(cheng)“中电(dian)联”)在北京召开新闻发布会,发布《中国电(dian)力(li)行业(ye)年(nian)度发展(zhan)报告2019》(以下(xia)简称(cheng)(cheng)“《行业(ye)发展(zhan)报告2019》”)。

  据(ju)介绍,《行(xing)业发展(zhan)(zhan)报(bao)告(gao)2019》共(gong)12章,通过深入(ru)分(fen)析和图文(wen)并(bing)貌的展(zhan)(zhan)现形式(shi),全(quan)面反映2018年(nian)电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)(li)行(xing)业发展(zhan)(zhan)、改革与市场建设、投资与建设、生(sheng)产与供(gong)(gong)应、消费与供(gong)(gong)需、安(an)全(quan)与可靠性、绿色发展(zhan)(zhan)、科技与信息(xi)化(hua)、电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)(li)标准化(hua)、企业发展(zhan)(zhan)与经营(ying)、国际交(jiao)流合(he)作领(ling)域的发展(zhan)(zhan)趋势与特点(dian),突出行(xing)业发展(zhan)(zhan)成绩,提出行(xing)业发展(zhan)(zhan)存在的主(zhu)要问(wen)题,并(bing)进(jin)行(xing)了适度(du)展(zhan)(zhan)望(wang)。《行(xing)业发展(zhan)(zhan)报(bao)告(gao)2019》附录列出了2018年(nian)电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)(li)行(xing)业大事记、电(dian)(dian)价(jia)、电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)(li)生(sheng)产建设、大型电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)(li)企业发展(zhan)(zhan)经营(ying)等相(xiang)关数据(ju)信息(xi)。

  《行(xing)业(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)报告2019》指出(chu),2018年,在以(yi)习近(jin)平同志为核心的党中央(yang)坚(jian)强领(ling)导(dao)下,电(dian)(dian)力(li)行(xing)业(ye)以(yi)习近(jin)平新时代(dai)中国(guo)特色社会主义思想为指导(dao),坚(jian)决落(luo)实(shi)党中央(yang)、国(guo)务院决策(ce)部署和“四(si)个革(ge)命、一(yi)个合(he)作”能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)安全新战略(lve),按照高质(zhi)量发(fa)展(zhan)的根本要求,加(jia)大(da)(da)电(dian)(dian)力(li)结(jie)构调(diao)整力(li)度,继续(xu)加(jia)快清洁能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)发(fa)展(zhan),促进跨区跨省送电(dian)(dian),推(tui)进清洁能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)大(da)(da)范围优化配置,推(tui)进终端能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)电(dian)(dian)气化利(li)用水平;深化电(dian)(dian)力(li)体制改革(ge),大(da)(da)力(li)推(tui)进电(dian)(dian)力(li)市场建(jian)设,推(tui)动电(dian)(dian)力(li)科技创新;进一(yi)步(bu)加(jia)强绿色发(fa)展(zhan),积极应(ying)对(dui)气候(hou)变化;不断扩大(da)(da)“一(yi)带一(yi)路”电(dian)(dian)力(li)国(guo)际合(he)作,持(chi)续(xu)构建(jian)清洁低碳、安全高效的现代(dai)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)体系。2018年,电(dian)(dian)力(li)行(xing)业(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)呈现九大(da)(da)特征。

  一是电力供应能力持续增强,结构进一步优化。

  发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)供应能(neng)力持(chi)续(xu)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)强。2018年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian),全国发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)新(xin)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)生产(chan)(chan)能(neng)力(正式投(tou)产(chan)(chan))12785万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)少(shao)投(tou)产(chan)(chan)234万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)。其中,水电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)859万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(其中,抽(chou)水蓄(xu)能(neng)新(xin)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)130万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)),为2003年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)以来水电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)新(xin)投(tou)产(chan)(chan)最少(shao)的(de)一(yi)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian);火(huo)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)4380万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(其中,煤(mei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)3056万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),气电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)884万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)减少(shao)73万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(其中,煤(mei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)减少(shao)448万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),气电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加313万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)),已(yi)连(lian)续(xu)四年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)减少(shao);核电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)884万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),创核电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)投(tou)产(chan)(chan)新(xin)高;并网风电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)和太阳能(neng)发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)2127万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)和4525万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),分别(bie)比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)多(duo)投(tou)产(chan)(chan)407万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)和少(shao)投(tou)产(chan)(chan)815万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),其合(he)计新(xin)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)占(zhan)(zhan)全国新(xin)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)装机(ji)(ji)(ji)容(rong)量(liang)的(de)52.0%。截(jie)至2018年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)底,全国全口径发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)装机(ji)(ji)(ji)容(rong)量(liang)190012万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长6.5%,增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)速(su)比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)回落1.2个百分点。其中,水电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)35259万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(含抽(chou)水蓄(xu)能(neng)发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)2999万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长4.5%),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长2.6%;火(huo)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)114408万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(含煤(mei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)100835万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长2.3%),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长3.1%;核电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)4466万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长24.7%;并网风电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)18427万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长12.4%;并网太阳能(neng)发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)17433万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长33.7%。全国人(ren)均装机(ji)(ji)(ji)1.36千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)/人(ren),比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加0.08千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)/人(ren),连(lian)续(xu)多(duo)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)居世界平均水平。发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)装机(ji)(ji)(ji)结构进一(yi)步优化(hua),全国非化(hua)石(shi)能(neng)源(yuan)发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)装机(ji)(ji)(ji)容(rong)量(liang)77551万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),占(zhan)(zhan)全国发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)总(zong)装机(ji)(ji)(ji)容(rong)量(liang)的(de)40.8%,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)提(ti)高2.1个百分点;新(xin)能(neng)源(yuan)发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)装机(ji)(ji)(ji)合(he)计35860万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa),占(zhan)(zhan)比(bi)(bi)(bi)18.9%。单机(ji)(ji)(ji)100万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)级(ji)火(huo)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)机(ji)(ji)(ji)组(zu)达到113台,60万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)(wa)及以上(shang)(shang)火(huo)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)机(ji)(ji)(ji)组(zu)容(rong)量(liang)占(zhan)(zhan)比(bi)(bi)(bi)达到44.7%。

  电(dian)(dian)网(wang)规模(mo)有所增加。2018年(nian)(nian)(nian),全(quan)年(nian)(nian)(nian)新增交(jiao)流(liu)110千(qian)(qian)(qian)伏(fu)(fu)及以(yi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)输(shu)电(dian)(dian)线路(lu)(lu)(lu)长(zhang)(zhang)度和(he)(he)变(bian)电(dian)(dian)设备(bei)容(rong)量56973千(qian)(qian)(qian)米(mi)和(he)(he)31024万(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)伏(fu)(fu)安,分别(bie)(bie)比(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)1.9%和(he)(he)4.8%;由于(yu)国家大气污染防治行(xing)动计(ji)划重点(dian)输(shu)电(dian)(dian)通道已陆续投产,新增直(zhi)流(liu)输(shu)电(dian)(dian)线路(lu)(lu)(lu)和(he)(he)换流(liu)容(rong)量分别(bie)(bie)为3325千(qian)(qian)(qian)米(mi)和(he)(he)3200万(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa),比(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)分别(bie)(bie)下(xia)降(jiang)61.3%和(he)(he)59.5%。截至2018年(nian)(nian)(nian)年(nian)(nian)(nian)底(di),全(quan)国电(dian)(dian)网(wang)35千(qian)(qian)(qian)伏(fu)(fu)及以(yi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)输(shu)电(dian)(dian)线路(lu)(lu)(lu)回路(lu)(lu)(lu)长(zhang)(zhang)度189万(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)米(mi),比(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)增长(zhang)(zhang)3.7%。其中,220千(qian)(qian)(qian)伏(fu)(fu)及以(yi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)输(shu)电(dian)(dian)线路(lu)(lu)(lu)回路(lu)(lu)(lu)长(zhang)(zhang)度73万(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)米(mi),比(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)增长(zhang)(zhang)7.0%。全(quan)国电(dian)(dian)网(wang)35千(qian)(qian)(qian)伏(fu)(fu)及以(yi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)变(bian)电(dian)(dian)设备(bei)容(rong)量70亿千(qian)(qian)(qian)伏(fu)(fu)安,比(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)增长(zhang)(zhang)5.4%。其中,220千(qian)(qian)(qian)伏(fu)(fu)及以(yi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)变(bian)电(dian)(dian)设备(bei)容(rong)量43亿千(qian)(qian)(qian)伏(fu)(fu)安,比(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)增长(zhang)(zhang)6.0%。2018年(nian)(nian)(nian),全(quan)国共(gong)投产2条直(zhi)流(liu)跨(kua)区特高压线路(lu)(lu)(lu),新增跨(kua)区输(shu)电(dian)(dian)能力(li)1500万(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)。截至2018年(nian)(nian)(nian)年(nian)(nian)(nian)底(di),全(quan)国跨(kua)区输(shu)电(dian)(dian)能力(li)达到13615万(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa),其中,交(jiao)直(zhi)流(liu)联网(wang)跨(kua)区输(shu)电(dian)(dian)能力(li)12281万(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa);跨(kua)区点(dian)对(dui)网(wang)送电(dian)(dian)能力(li)1334万(wan)(wan)(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)。

  电(dian)(dian)(dian)力投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)回落(luo)。2018年,全国主要发电(dian)(dian)(dian)企业电(dian)(dian)(dian)源工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)建设完成(cheng)投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)2787亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年下(xia)降3.9%,下(xia)降幅度同比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年收窄(zhai)。其中(zhong)(zhong),水电(dian)(dian)(dian)700亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)12.7%(其中(zhong)(zhong),抽水蓄能162亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)14.0%,是历年来(lai)投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)额(e)(e)最大);核电(dian)(dian)(dian)447亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年下(xia)降1.6%;风(feng)电(dian)(dian)(dian)646亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年下(xia)降5.2%,已连续三(san)年下(xia)降;太阳能发电(dian)(dian)(dian)207亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年下(xia)降27.4%。火(huo)电(dian)(dian)(dian)投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)786亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年下(xia)降8.3%,为2004年来(lai)投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)额(e)(e)最小,其中(zhong)(zhong),燃煤发电(dian)(dian)(dian)644亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年下(xia)降8.8%,占(zhan)电(dian)(dian)(dian)源投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)的(de)23.1%,与(yu)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年基(ji)(ji)本(ben)持平,燃气发电(dian)(dian)(dian)投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)142亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),与(yu)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年基(ji)(ji)本(ben)持平。全国电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)建设完成(cheng)投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)5340亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),与(yu)去年基(ji)(ji)本(ben)持平。其中(zhong)(zhong),直流(liu)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)520亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年下(xia)降39.4%,占(zhan)电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)总投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)的(de)9.7%;交(jiao)流(liu)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)4600亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)7.6%。配电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)额(e)(e)较快增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang),全年完成(cheng)配电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)(zi)3023亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),比上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)6.4%。

  二是电力生产较快增长,生产运行安全可靠。

  非化石(shi)能(neng)源(yuan)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)加(jia)快增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)。全国(guo)(guo)全口(kou)径发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)69947亿(yi)(yi)千瓦(wa)时,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)8.4%,增(zeng)(zeng)速(su)比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年提高(gao)1.9个(ge)百分点。其(qi)中(zhong),水电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)12321亿(yi)(yi)千瓦(wa)时,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)3.1%;火电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)49249亿(yi)(yi)千瓦(wa)时,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)7.3%,其(qi)中(zhong),煤电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)44829亿(yi)(yi)千瓦(wa)时,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)7.3%;核电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)2950亿(yi)(yi)千瓦(wa)时,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)18.9%;并网风电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)3658亿(yi)(yi)千瓦(wa)时,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)20.1%;太阳能(neng)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)1769亿(yi)(yi)千瓦(wa)时,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)50.2%。2018年,全国(guo)(guo)非化石(shi)能(neng)源(yuan)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)21634亿(yi)(yi)千瓦(wa)时,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)11.1%,占全口(kou)径发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)的比(bi)(bi)(bi)重为30.9%,比(bi)(bi)(bi)上(shang)(shang)(shang)年提高(gao)0.8个(ge)百分点,对全国(guo)(guo)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)的贡献(xian)率(lv)为40.0%;新能(neng)源(yuan)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)28.5%,对全国(guo)(guo)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)(liang)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)的贡献(xian)率(lv)达(da)到(dao)22.2%。

  全(quan)年(nian)(nian)发电(dian)(dian)用煤价(jia)格(ge)高(gao)位波动(dong)。2018年(nian)(nian)电(dian)(dian)煤供应量前紧后缓、总体平衡,全(quan)年(nian)(nian)发电(dian)(dian)用煤价(jia)格(ge)在波动(dong)中前高(gao)后稳。根据中电(dian)(dian)联(lian)电(dian)(dian)煤采(cai)购价(jia)格(ge)指数CECI显示,2018年(nian)(nian)全(quan)年(nian)(nian)5500大卡现货成交价(jia)格(ge)波动(dong)范围(wei)为560-752元(yuan)/吨、综(zong)合价(jia)波动(dong)范围(wei)为571-635元(yuan)/吨,平均综(zong)合价(jia)均超过国(guo)家(jia)规定的(de)绿色区间上限,国(guo)内(nei)煤电(dian)(dian)企业(ye)电(dian)(dian)煤采(cai)购成本居高(gao)不下。

  弃风弃光(guang)问题(ti)继(ji)续得到改(gai)善。2018年(nian),在各级政府(fu)和(he)全(quan)行业协同努力下(xia),新(xin)能源(yuan)发电消纳进一步改(gai)善。全(quan)年(nian)全(quan)国弃风电量277亿千瓦时(shi),平均弃风率7%,比上年(nian)下(xia)降5个(ge)百分点;全(quan)国弃光(guang)电量54.9亿千瓦时(shi),平均弃光(guang)率3%,比上年(nian)下(xia)降2.8个(ge)百分点。

  并(bing)网风电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)设备利用小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)创2013年(nian)来最高(gao)(gao)(gao)。受电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力消(xiao)费(fei)较高(gao)(gao)(gao)增速和部分流域(yu)来水较少影响,火电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)、核电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)与新能源发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)利用小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)同比提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)较多。其中,火电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)4378小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),比上(shang)(shang)年(nian)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)159小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(燃煤发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)4495小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),比上(shang)(shang)年(nian)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)183小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);燃气发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)2767小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),比上(shang)(shang)年(nian)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)6小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi));核电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)7543小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),比上(shang)(shang)年(nian)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)454小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);并(bing)网风电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)2103小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),比上(shang)(shang)年(nian)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)155小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),为2013年(nian)以来最高(gao)(gao)(gao);太(tai)阳(yang)能发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)1230小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),比上(shang)(shang)年(nian)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)25小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);水电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)3607小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),比上(shang)(shang)年(nian)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)10小(xiao)时(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)。

  电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)生(sheng)产运(yun)行(xing)安全可(ke)(ke)(ke)靠。2018年(nian)(nian),全国(guo)未发生(sheng)较大以上(shang)(shang)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)人身伤(shang)亡事故,未发生(sheng)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)系统(tong)水电(dian)(dian)(dian)站大坝垮坝、漫坝以及(ji)对社会造成重大影响的(de)安全事件。电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)可(ke)(ke)(ke)靠性主要指标总体保持在较高水平。其(qi)中,4万千瓦及(ji)以上(shang)(shang)水电(dian)(dian)(dian)机(ji)组(zu)以及(ji)10万千瓦及(ji)以上(shang)(shang)煤电(dian)(dian)(dian)机(ji)组(zu)、燃气轮机(ji)组(zu)、核电(dian)(dian)(dian)机(ji)组(zu)的(de)等(deng)效可(ke)(ke)(ke)用(yong)系数(shu)分(fen)别(bie)为92.30%、92.26%、92.47%、91.84%。除(chu)核电(dian)(dian)(dian)机(ji)组(zu)的(de)等(deng)效可(ke)(ke)(ke)用(yong)系数(shu)提高0.74个百(bai)分(fen)点外,其(qi)他分(fen)别(bie)比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)下降(jiang)0.25个、0.5个和0.13个百(bai)分(fen)点。架(jia)空线路、变压器(qi)、断路器(qi)三类主要输变电(dian)(dian)(dian)设(she)施(shi)的(de)可(ke)(ke)(ke)用(yong)系数(shu)分(fen)别(bie)为99.328%、99.741%、99.908%,均(jun)低于上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)。直流输电(dian)(dian)(dian)系统(tong)合(he)计能(neng)量(liang)可(ke)(ke)(ke)用(yong)率、能(neng)量(liang)利用(yong)率分(fen)别(bie)为92.15%、44.11%,分(fen)别(bie)比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)下降(jiang)3.20个和10.31个百(bai)分(fen)点;总计强迫(po)停运(yun)35次(ci),比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)增加(jia)2次(ci)。全国(guo)10(6、20)千伏供(gong)(gong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)系统(tong)用(yong)户(hu)平均(jun)供(gong)(gong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)可(ke)(ke)(ke)靠率为99.820%,比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)提高0.006个百(bai)分(fen)点;用(yong)户(hu)平均(jun)停电(dian)(dian)(dian)时间15.75小(xiao)时/户(hu),比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)减少0.52小(xiao)时/户(hu);用(yong)户(hu)平均(jun)停电(dian)(dian)(dian)频率3.28次(ci)/户(hu),与上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)持平。

  三是全社会用电较快增长,电力供需总体平衡。

  全(quan)(quan)(quan)社(she)会用(yong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)较快(kuai)增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)。在宏观经济运行总体(ti)平(ping)稳、服务(wu)业和(he)(he)(he)高(gao)新技术及装备制造业较快(kuai)发展、冬季(ji)寒潮和(he)(he)(he)夏(xia)季(ji)高(gao)温、电(dian)(dian)(dian)能替(ti)代(dai)快(kuai)速(su)推广(guang)、城(cheng)(cheng)农(nong)网改造升级释放(fang)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力需求等因素综合影响(xiang)下,全(quan)(quan)(quan)社(she)会用(yong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)实现(xian)较快(kuai)增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)。2018年,全(quan)(quan)(quan)国(guo)全(quan)(quan)(quan)社(she)会用(yong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量69002亿千(qian)瓦时,比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)8.4%,为(wei)2012年以来最高(gao)增速(su),增速(su)比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年提(ti)高(gao)1.8个百分(fen)(fen)点。其中(zhong),第一、第二(er)、第三(san)产业和(he)(he)(he)城(cheng)(cheng)乡(xiang)居民用(yong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量分(fen)(fen)别比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)9.0%、7.1%、12.9%和(he)(he)(he)10.3%。第二(er)产业用(yong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量依(yi)然是拉动(dong)(dong)全(quan)(quan)(quan)社(she)会用(yong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)的(de)(de)主力,拉动(dong)(dong)5.0个百分(fen)(fen)点,比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年提(ti)高(gao)1.1个百分(fen)(fen)点;第三(san)产业和(he)(he)(he)城(cheng)(cheng)乡(xiang)居民生活用(yong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量继(ji)续保持快(kuai)速(su)增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang),对全(quan)(quan)(quan)社(she)会用(yong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)的(de)(de)拉动(dong)(dong)力分(fen)(fen)别比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年提(ti)高(gao)0.5和(he)(he)(he)0.4个百分(fen)(fen)点。

  电(dian)能替(ti)代(dai)(dai)快(kuai)速(su)推(tui)广。2018年,全(quan)年累计完(wan)成替(ti)代(dai)(dai)电(dian)量(liang)1557.6亿(yi)千(qian)瓦(wa)时(shi),比(bi)上年增长21.1%。其(qi)中,全(quan)国工(农)业生产制造领域完(wan)成替(ti)代(dai)(dai)电(dian)量(liang)968.0亿(yi)千(qian)瓦(wa)时(shi),约占总替(ti)代(dai)(dai)电(dian)量(liang)的62.2%;居民取暖、交通运输、能源生产供应(ying)与消费等领域电(dian)能替(ti)代(dai)(dai)也在(zai)快(kuai)速(su)推(tui)广,替(ti)代(dai)(dai)电(dian)量(liang)逐(zhu)年提高。

  电力终(zhong)端新业(ye)(ye)态(tai)正在培育。综合能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)、电力系统储能(neng)(neng)与电动(dong)汽车充电等电力终(zhong)端新业(ye)(ye)态(tai)在技(ji)术和商业(ye)(ye)化(hua)应用方(fang)面得到较快发展。截至2018年年底,国家(jia)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)局公布的首批(pi)55个(ge)“互(hu)联网+”智慧能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)互(hu)联网)示范(fan)项目、23个(ge)多能(neng)(neng)互(hu)补集成(cheng)优化(hua)示范(fan)工(gong)程(cheng)项目和28个(ge)新能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)微电网示范(fan)项目,正在试(shi)点实践。

  电(dian)(dian)力需(xu)求(qiu)侧管(guan)理进一(yi)步深(shen)化。2018年,各(ge)级政府部门、行(xing)业(ye)协会、电(dian)(dian)力企(qi)(qi)业(ye)深(shen)化电(dian)(dian)力需(xu)求(qiu)侧管(guan)理。各(ge)地通过(guo)积(ji)极探索、实(shi)(shi)施(shi)需(xu)求(qiu)侧响应,最大削减(jian)高峰电(dian)(dian)力1245万千瓦。电(dian)(dian)网企(qi)(qi)业(ye)实(shi)(shi)施(shi)送变电(dian)(dian)系统(tong)节(jie)电(dian)(dian)和推动社会各(ge)领(ling)域企(qi)(qi)业(ye)节(jie)电(dian)(dian)等(deng)措施(shi),全年合计完成节(jie)约电(dian)(dian)量163亿千瓦时,节(jie)约电(dian)(dian)力431万千瓦。

  电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)供(gong)需(xu)形势总(zong)体(ti)(ti)平(ping)(ping)衡。2018年(nian),全国(guo)电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)供(gong)需(xu)形势从前两年(nian)的总(zong)体(ti)(ti)宽松转为总(zong)体(ti)(ti)平(ping)(ping)衡。其中,东北和(he)西北区域电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)供(gong)应能力(li)(li)富余;华(hua)北、华(hua)东、华(hua)中和(he)南方(fang)区域电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)供(gong)需(xu)总(zong)体(ti)(ti)平(ping)(ping)衡;部(bu)分地区受年(nian)初(chu)大(da)范围雨雪天气、夏季持续高温天气、部(bu)分时段(duan)燃料(liao)供(gong)应偏紧等(deng)因素影响,局(ju)部(bu)时段(duan)电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)供(gong)需(xu)平(ping)(ping)衡偏紧。

  四是电力绿色发展水平不断提高,节能减排取得新成绩。

  资源节约水(shui)平继续提升。2018年(nian),全(quan)(quan)(quan)国6000千(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)及以上火(huo)电(dian)(dian)厂(chang)平均供电(dian)(dian)标准煤(mei)耗(hao)307.6克/千(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)时,比(bi)上年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)1.8克/千(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)时,煤(mei)电(dian)(dian)机组(zu)供电(dian)(dian)煤(mei)耗(hao)继续保(bao)持世界先进;厂(chang)用(yong)电(dian)(dian)率4.70%,比(bi)上年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)0.10个(ge)百(bai)(bai)分点(其(qi)中,水(shui)电(dian)(dian)0.26%,比(bi)上年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)0.01个(ge)百(bai)(bai)分点;火(huo)电(dian)(dian)5.81%,比(bi)上年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)0.23个(ge)百(bai)(bai)分点)。全(quan)(quan)(quan)国线损(sun)率6.21%,比(bi)上年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)0.27个(ge)百(bai)(bai)分点。全(quan)(quan)(quan)国火(huo)电(dian)(dian)厂(chang)单位发电(dian)(dian)量(liang)耗(hao)水(shui)量(liang)1.23千(qian)(qian)克/千(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)时,比(bi)上年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)0.02千(qian)(qian)克/千(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)时;粉(fen)煤(mei)灰、脱(tuo)硫石膏(gao)综合利(li)用(yong)率分别为71%、74%,均比(bi)上年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)1个(ge)百(bai)(bai)分点,综合利(li)用(yong)量(liang)持续提高。

  污(wu)染物(wu)(wu)排(pai)放(fang)进一步降低。2018年(nian)(nian),全国电力(li)烟尘、二(er)(er)氧(yang)化硫、氮氧(yang)化物(wu)(wu)排(pai)放(fang)量(liang)分(fen)别约(yue)为(wei)21万吨、99万吨、96万吨,分(fen)别比上(shang)年(nian)(nian)下(xia)降约(yue)为(wei)19.2%、17.5%、15.8%;每千(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)时火电发电量(liang)烟尘、二(er)(er)氧(yang)化硫、氮氧(yang)化物(wu)(wu)排(pai)放(fang)量(liang)约(yue)为(wei)0.04克(ke)(ke)(ke)、0.20克(ke)(ke)(ke)、0.19克(ke)(ke)(ke),分(fen)别比上(shang)年(nian)(nian)下(xia)降0.02克(ke)(ke)(ke)、0.06克(ke)(ke)(ke)、0.06克(ke)(ke)(ke)。火电单位发电量(liang)废水排(pai)放(fang)量(liang)为(wei)0.06千(qian)(qian)克(ke)(ke)(ke)/千(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa)时,与上(shang)年(nian)(nian)持平。截(jie)至2018年(nian)(nian)年(nian)(nian)底(di),达到(dao)超低排(pai)放(fang)限值(zhi)的煤电机组约(yue)8.1亿千(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)(wa),约(yue)占全国煤电总装机容量(liang)80%;东、中部(bu)地区基本实现超低排(pai)放(fang)改(gai)造,河南、安(an)徽、甘肃等(deng)省份提前完成(cheng)超低排(pai)放(fang)改(gai)造目标(biao)。

  碳(tan)(tan)排(pai)(pai)(pai)放强度持(chi)续降(jiang)低(di)。2018年(nian),全(quan)国单位火(huo)电(dian)(dian)(dian)发电(dian)(dian)(dian)量二(er)氧(yang)化碳(tan)(tan)排(pai)(pai)(pai)放约为(wei)841克(ke)/千(qian)瓦时,比2005年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)19.4%;单位发电(dian)(dian)(dian)量二(er)氧(yang)化碳(tan)(tan)排(pai)(pai)(pai)放约为(wei)592克(ke)/千(qian)瓦时,比2005年(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)30.1%。以2005年(nian)为(wei)基准年(nian),2006-2018年(nian),通(tong)过(guo)发展非化石(shi)能源(yuan)、降(jiang)低(di)供电(dian)(dian)(dian)煤耗(hao)和线损率(lv)(lv)等措施,电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)行业累计减(jian)(jian)少二(er)氧(yang)化碳(tan)(tan)排(pai)(pai)(pai)放约136.8亿吨,有效减(jian)(jian)缓了电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)二(er)氧(yang)化碳(tan)(tan)排(pai)(pai)(pai)放总量的增(zeng)长。其(qi)中,供电(dian)(dian)(dian)煤耗(hao)降(jiang)低(di)对(dui)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)行业二(er)氧(yang)化碳(tan)(tan)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)贡献率(lv)(lv)为(wei)44%,非化石(shi)能源(yuan)发展贡献率(lv)(lv)为(wei)54%。

  五是科技创新取得新进展,电力建设与运行技术水平持续提升。

  2018年(nian)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力行业(ye)的(de)(de)(de)科技(ji)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin),有(you)力地推动了(le)(le)(le)行业(ye)科技(ji)进步,践(jian)行了(le)(le)(le)国(guo)家绿色发(fa)展战略(lve),显示(shi)(shi)了(le)(le)(le)具有(you)自主知识(shi)产(chan)权核心(xin)(xin)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)的(de)(de)(de)国(guo)际竞争(zheng)力。水(shui)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)领域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu),解决了(le)(le)(le)特(te)高(gao)(gao)(gao)拱坝工程安全风(feng)险防控(kong)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)难题,创(chuang)造了(le)(le)(le)高(gao)(gao)(gao)坝通(tong)航(hang)的(de)(de)(de)水(shui)力式升船机技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)中国(guo)品牌,掌握(wo)了(le)(le)(le)世(shi)界领先的(de)(de)(de)百万千瓦巨型水(shui)轮发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)机组制造技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)。火电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)领域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu),完(wan)成热(re)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解耦的(de)(de)(de)汽轮机冷(leng)端近零损(sun)失(shi)供热(re)关(guan)键技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)研究(jiu)及应用,天(tian)然气分(fen)布式能(neng)源系统、IGCC的(de)(de)(de)燃(ran)烧前CO2捕集技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)等取得了(le)(le)(le)具有(you)自主知识(shi)产(chan)权的(de)(de)(de)核心(xin)(xin)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)。核电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)领域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu),掌握(wo)了(le)(le)(le)第四代核电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)高(gao)(gao)(gao)温气冷(leng)堆蒸汽发(fa)生器制造技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu);新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)源发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)领域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu),依(yi)托上(shang)海(hai)东海(hai)大(da)桥海(hai)上(shang)风(feng)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)示(shi)(shi)范工程建成我国(guo)首座大(da)型海(hai)上(shang)风(feng)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)场,在太(tai)阳能(neng)光(guang)热(re)发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)型高(gao)(gao)(gao)效太(tai)阳能(neng)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)研究(jiu)方(fang)面(mian)取得重要进展。电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)网领域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu),攻克(ke)了(le)(le)(le)复杂电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)网自动电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)压(ya)(ya)控(kong)制的(de)(de)(de)世(shi)界性难题,发(fa)明了(le)(le)(le)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)网大(da)范围(wei)山(shan)火灾害带电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)防治关(guan)键技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu),创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)了(le)(le)(le)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)网可控(kong)融冰关(guan)键技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu),全面(mian)攻克(ke)±1000千伏特(te)高(gao)(gao)(gao)压(ya)(ya)直流输电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)等关(guan)键核心(xin)(xin)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu),成功研制世(shi)界首套特(te)高(gao)(gao)(gao)压(ya)(ya)GIL设(she)备并实(shi)现批量生产(chan)。

  六是标准化工作扎实推进,标准国际化取得新进展。

  标准制修订(ding)步伐进一步加快。经批准,全年发布电力相关标准共(gong)492项(xiang)。其中,国家标准49项(xiang),行(xing)业(ye)标准323项(xiang),行(xing)业(ye)标准英文版46项(xiang),中电联标准74项(xiang)。

  电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)动汽(qi)(qi)车(che)(che)(che)充电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)设(she)施(shi)标准(zhun)国际影响力进一步提升。中(zhong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)联(lian)与(yu)日本电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)动汽(qi)(qi)车(che)(che)(che)用快速(su)充电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)器协会签署(shu)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)动汽(qi)(qi)车(che)(che)(che)充电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)设(she)施(shi)领(ling)域(yu)技术和(he)标准(zhun)合作(zuo)谅解备忘录,启动中(zhong)日双方在电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)动汽(qi)(qi)车(che)(che)(che)充电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)设(she)施(shi)领(ling)域(yu)的合作(zuo);中(zhong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)联(lian)牵头编(bian)制(zhi)的《电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)动汽(qi)(qi)车(che)(che)(che)充电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)漫游信(xin)息交互(hu)系列国际标准(zhun)第一部分(fen):通用要求(qiu)》(IEC 63119-1)首次上升为国际标准(zhun)。

  七是电力改革继续推进,电力市场加快建设。

  完(wan)(wan)成首(shou)个(ge)(ge)周(zhou)期的(de)(de)输(shu)(shu)配(pei)(pei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)价核(he)定(ding)。2018年,在建立起覆盖省(sheng)级(ji)电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)、区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)域电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)、跨(kua)(kua)省(sheng)跨(kua)(kua)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)输(shu)(shu)电(dian)(dian)(dian)工(gong)程、地方电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)、增量配(pei)(pei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)的(de)(de)全环(huan)节输(shu)(shu)配(pei)(pei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)价格(ge)监(jian)管制度(du)框架(jia)基础上,华(hua)北、东(dong)北、华(hua)东(dong)、华(hua)中、西北五大区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)域电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)首(shou)个(ge)(ge)周(zhou)期的(de)(de)两部制输(shu)(shu)配(pei)(pei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)价和24条跨(kua)(kua)省(sheng)跨(kua)(kua)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)专项(xiang)工(gong)程输(shu)(shu)电(dian)(dian)(dian)价格(ge)陆(lu)续(xu)核(he)定(ding)完(wan)(wan)毕(bi),累计(ji)核(he)减(jian)电(dian)(dian)(dian)网(wang)企(qi)业准(zhun)许(xu)收入约600亿元(yuan),促进了跨(kua)(kua)省(sheng)跨(kua)(kua)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力交易(yi)。历时4年的(de)(de)首(shou)个(ge)(ge)周(zhou)期输(shu)(shu)配(pei)(pei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)定(ding)价成本监(jian)审完(wan)(wan)毕(bi)。

  超额完成一般(ban)工商(shang)业电(dian)(dian)价(jia)(jia)下降10%任(ren)务。各方(fang)积极贯(guan)彻中央关于供给侧改(gai)革的精神,具(ju)体落实全年(nian)全国降低(di)一般(ban)工商(shang)业电(dian)(dian)价(jia)(jia)10%的目标。通过中央财(cai)政降低(di)国家重大水利(li)工程建(jian)设(she)基金征收标准、释放减(jian)税红利(li),电(dian)(dian)网(wang)企业推进区域(yu)电(dian)(dian)网(wang)和跨区跨省专项输电(dian)(dian)价(jia)(jia)改(gai)革、灵(ling)活实施两(liang)部制(zhi)电(dian)(dian)价(jia)(jia),地方(fang)政府(fu)多渠(qu)道自筹等十(shi)项降价(jia)(jia)清费措施,分四批合(he)计降低(di)用(yong)户用(yong)电(dian)(dian)成本1257.91亿(yi)元,平均降低(di)0.0789元/千瓦时,全国平均降幅达到10.11%。

  不断完善增(zeng)量(liang)配电业务改(gai)革试(shi)点各项(xiang)(xiang)政(zheng)策。通过(guo)组织督导(dao)调研(yan),梳理前(qian)三批增(zeng)量(liang)配电试(shi)点项(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)落地(di)存在的问题(ti),国(guo)家发(fa)展改(gai)革委和国(guo)家能源局陆续出台(tai)了(le)电力业务许可(ke)、配电区域划分等方面的政(zheng)策文件,加快了(le)增(zeng)量(liang)配电试(shi)点有序(xu)落地(di)进(jin)程,同时,部署了(le)第四批试(shi)点项(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)申报工(gong)作。

  市场交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量比重大(da)幅提高。2018年(nian),全(quan)国各地市场主体参与市场的数量进一步(bu)扩大(da),煤炭、钢(gang)铁(tie)、有(you)色、建材四个行业(ye)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)用户(hu)用电(dian)(dian)(dian)计划(hua)放开,全(quan)国电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)市场交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量规(gui)模再上新台阶。全(quan)年(nian)合计交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量20654亿千(qian)瓦时,比上年(nian)增长26.5%。市场交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量分别占(zhan)全(quan)社会用电(dian)(dian)(dian)量和电(dian)(dian)(dian)网企业(ye)销售电(dian)(dian)(dian)量比重的30.2%和37.1%,比上年(nian)分别提高4.3个百分点(dian)和5个百分点(dian)。

  电力现(xian)(xian)货市(shi)场建设试点(dian)稳妥(tuo)推(tui)进。按照国家发(fa)展改(gai)革(ge)委(wei)、国家能(neng)源局加(jia)快(kuai)推(tui)进电力现(xian)(xian)货试点(dian)工(gong)作要(yao)求,2018年8月(yue),南方(以广东起步)电力现(xian)(xian)货市(shi)场启动试运行(xing),成为全国首(shou)个(ge)投入试运行(xing)的电力现(xian)(xian)货市(shi)场。为推(tui)动电力现(xian)(xian)货市(shi)场建设试点(dian)尽快(kuai)取得实质性突(tu)破,国家发(fa)展改(gai)革(ge)委(wei)、能(neng)源局建立了对8个(ge)试点(dian)的联系(xi)协(xie)调机制,甘肃、山西电力现(xian)(xian)货市(shi)场于12月(yue)启动试运行(xing)。

  八是电力企业资产总额增速回落,负债率同比降低。

  资产(chan)总(zong)(zong)额(e)增(zeng)速降低。根(gen)据国家统计局统计,截至2018年(nian)(nian)年(nian)(nian)底,全国规模以(yi)上(shang)电(dian)力企业(ye)资产(chan)总(zong)(zong)额(e)140408亿元(yuan),比(bi)上(shang)年(nian)(nian)增(zeng)长2.7%,增(zeng)速比(bi)上(shang)年(nian)(nian)下降1.8个百分点。其(qi)中(zhong),电(dian)力供(gong)应企业(ye)资产(chan)总(zong)(zong)额(e)比(bi)上(shang)年(nian)(nian)增(zeng)长4.2%;发(fa)电(dian)企业(ye)资产(chan)总(zong)(zong)额(e)比(bi)上(shang)年(nian)(nian)增(zeng)长1.5%(其(qi)中(zhong),火(huo)电(dian)企业(ye)资产(chan)总(zong)(zong)额(e)比(bi)上(shang)年(nian)(nian)下降1.8%)。

  企(qi)业负(fu)债(zhai)率(lv)下降(jiang)。规(gui)模以上(shang)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力企(qi)业资(zi)产(chan)(chan)负(fu)债(zhai)率(lv)60.2%,比(bi)上(shang)年(nian)下降(jiang)1.1个(ge)百(bai)分点(dian)。其中,电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力供应企(qi)业资(zi)产(chan)(chan)负(fu)债(zhai)率(lv)比(bi)上(shang)年(nian)下降(jiang)1.6个(ge)百(bai)分点(dian),发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)企(qi)业资(zi)产(chan)(chan)负(fu)债(zhai)率(lv)比(bi)上(shang)年(nian)下降(jiang)0.6个(ge)百(bai)分点(dian)。发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)企(qi)业资(zi)产(chan)(chan)负(fu)债(zhai)率(lv)降(jiang)低主(zhu)要是太阳能发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)、风电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)、水电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)、核电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)企(qi)业资(zi)产(chan)(chan)负(fu)债(zhai)率(lv)分别下降(jiang)1.5、1.4、1.3和(he)0.9个(ge)百(bai)分点(dian),火电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)企(qi)业资(zi)产(chan)(chan)负(fu)债(zhai)率(lv)与上(shang)年(nian)持(chi)平。

  电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)供(gong)应企(qi)(qi)业(ye)利(li)润(run)(run)下降(jiang)。规模以(yi)上(shang)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)利(li)润(run)(run)总(zong)额(e)3231亿元,比上(shang)年增(zeng)长3.1%。其中,电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)供(gong)应企(qi)(qi)业(ye)贯彻(che)落实2018年政府(fu)工作报告中提出的一般工商(shang)业(ye)电(dian)(dian)(dian)价平均降(jiang)低10%要求,向(xiang)用电(dian)(dian)(dian)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)让(rang)利(li)后(hou),利(li)润(run)(run)比上(shang)年下降(jiang)24.3%。在上(shang)年基数低以(yi)及发电(dian)(dian)(dian)量较(jiao)(jiao)快增(zeng)长的拉动(dong)下,发电(dian)(dian)(dian)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)实现(xian)利(li)润(run)(run)总(zong)额(e)2210亿元,比上(shang)年增(zeng)长23.8%。其中,火力(li)(li)发电(dian)(dian)(dian)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)实现(xian)利(li)润(run)(run)323亿元,但(dan)(dan)亏损(sun)面仍然(ran)较(jiao)(jiao)高(gao)(为43.8%);风电(dian)(dian)(dian)、太(tai)阳能发电(dian)(dian)(dian)和(he)核电(dian)(dian)(dian)利(li)润(run)(run)增(zeng)速(su)均超过20.0%,但(dan)(dan)风电(dian)(dian)(dian)、太(tai)阳能发电(dian)(dian)(dian)由于补贴不及时到位,企(qi)(qi)业(ye)账面利(li)润(run)(run)短期内难以(yi)转化为实际资金(jin)流,导致资金(jin)周转困难。

  九是全球能源互联网加快推进,“一带一路”电力合作呈现新亮点。

  积极开展“一(yi)(yi)带一(yi)(yi)路”合(he)作(zuo)。2018年,我国主要电(dian)力企业参与“一(yi)(yi)带一(yi)(yi)路”国际合(he)作(zuo)实际完成投资约28亿美元,涉(she)及沿(yan)线亚洲和欧洲8个国家(jia)(jia),直接创(chuang)造6700个当地就业岗位。新签工程(cheng)承包合(he)同(tong)项(xiang)目共(gong)128个,涉(she)及沿(yan)线30个国家(jia)(jia)地区,合(he)同(tong)金(jin)额255.5亿美元。为(wei)保障“一(yi)(yi)带一(yi)(yi)路”建(jian)设(she)顺利实施,各电(dian)力企业不断(duan)创(chuang)新“一(yi)(yi)带一(yi)(yi)路”建(jian)设(she)合(he)作(zuo)机(ji)制(zhi),与相关国家(jia)(jia)或地区磋商建(jian)立共(gong)同(tong)的投资风险防范体系。

  全(quan)球(qiu)能(neng)源互(hu)联(lian)(lian)(lian)网加快推进。2018年(nian),全(quan)球(qiu)能(neng)源互(hu)联(lian)(lian)(lian)网合(he)(he)(he)(he)作(zuo)组(zu)(zu)织会员(yuan)(yuan)数(shu)量和(he)(he)覆盖(gai)国(guo)别大(da)幅提(ti)升,全(quan)年(nian)新(xin)增(zeng)会员(yuan)(yuan)242家(jia),新(xin)增(zeng)国(guo)别40个,会员(yuan)(yuan)总数(shu)达到602家(jia)、覆盖(gai)85个国(guo)家(jia)(地区);组(zu)(zu)建了全(quan)球(qiu)能(neng)源互(hu)联(lian)(lian)(lian)网大(da)学联(lian)(lian)(lian)盟(meng)和(he)(he)智库联(lian)(lian)(lian)盟(meng),并搭建了共商发(fa)展(zhan)的合(he)(he)(he)(he)作(zuo)新(xin)平台;与几内亚政府(fu)共同倡议(yi)成立(li)非(fei)洲能(neng)源互(hu)联(lian)(lian)(lian)网可持(chi)续发(fa)展(zhan)联(lian)(lian)(lian)盟(meng);与联(lian)(lian)(lian)合(he)(he)(he)(he)国(guo)气候变化公(gong)约(yue)秘书处、拉(la)丁美洲和(he)(he)加勒比(bi)经济(ji)委员(yuan)(yuan)会、非(fei)洲经济(ji)委员(yuan)(yuan)会,埃(ai)塞俄比(bi)亚、刚果(金(jin))、几内亚等国(guo)政府(fu),以及有关组(zu)(zu)织、机构、企业、高(gao)校新(xin)签15项(xiang)合(he)(he)(he)(he)作(zuo)协(xie)议(yi);大(da)力(li)推动我国(guo)与周边国(guo)家(jia)及“一带(dai)一路”沿线国(guo)家(jia)电网互(hu)联(lian)(lian)(lian),中(zhong)缅孟联(lian)(lian)(lian)网项(xiang)目(mu)(mu)成立(li)政府(fu)间(jian)联(lian)(lian)(lian)合(he)(he)(he)(he)工(gong)作(zuo)组(zu)(zu),中(zhong)韩(han)联(lian)(lian)(lian)网项(xiang)目(mu)(mu)完成预可研,海湾(wan)国(guo)家(jia)与东非(fei)联(lian)(lian)(lian)网项(xiang)目(mu)(mu)签署三方合(he)(he)(he)(he)作(zuo)协(xie)议(yi)。

  《行业发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)报告2019》同(tong)时指出,2018年,我国(guo)电(dian)力行业在(zai)取得(de)卓越(yue)成绩的(de)(de)(de)同(tong)时,多年来积(ji)累(lei)的(de)(de)(de)一(yi)些深(shen)层次问题依然存在(zai)。在(zai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)上(shang),电(dian)源与(yu)电(dian)网、交流与(yu)直流、输电(dian)与(yu)配电(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)不协调(diao)等(deng)问题突出;清(qing)洁能源发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)长期面临(lin)弃水、弃风(feng)、弃光等(deng)挑战,严重制(zhi)约电(dian)力行业安全(quan)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)、清(qing)洁发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)和高质(zhi)量(liang)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan);煤电(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)面临(lin)的(de)(de)(de)碳减排(pai)和污(wu)染防治任务艰巨。在(zai)改革创(chuang)新(xin)上(shang),国(guo)企(qi)“放管服”改革滞后于(yu)(yu)市场化建设(she)进(jin)程,不利于(yu)(yu)能源生产(chan)消(xiao)费新(xin)业态投资(zi)与(yu)运(yun)营的(de)(de)(de)创(chuang)新(xin)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。在(zai)经(jing)营上(shang),受宏观经(jing)济(ji)、电(dian)价政(zheng)策(ce)、环(huan)境治理等(deng)影响,电(dian)力企(qi)业经(jing)营形势依然严峻。

  《行业(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)报告2019》建议,电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)要坚(jian)持以习近平(ping)新(xin)(xin)时(shi)代中国特色社会主(zhu)义思(si)想为指(zhi)导(dao),继续加快(kuai)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)绿色低(di)碳(tan)(tan)转型(xing)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),推(tui)(tui)动实(shi)施清(qing)洁(jie)替代和(he)(he)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)能(neng)(neng)(neng)替代,大(da)幅提(ti)高电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)气(qi)化(hua)(hua)水(shui)平(ping),打造绿色低(di)碳(tan)(tan)、互(hu)联互(hu)通、共建共享的能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)共同体。加快(kuai)清(qing)洁(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)大(da)规模开(kai)发(fa)和(he)(he)高效(xiao)利(li)用(yong)。切实(shi)解(jie)决好开(kai)发(fa)和(he)(he)消纳(na)问题,加快(kuai)大(da)型(xing)清(qing)洁(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)基(ji)(ji)地开(kai)发(fa),坚(jian)持集中式(shi)和(he)(he)分布(bu)式(shi)并举开(kai)发(fa)清(qing)洁(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan),依(yi)托大(da)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)网实(shi)现分布(bu)式(shi)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)源(yuan)高效(xiao)利(li)用(yong)。积(ji)极推(tui)(tui)进煤(mei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)转型(xing)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。严控新(xin)(xin)增煤(mei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)规模,优(you)化(hua)(hua)煤(mei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)布(bu)局(ju),提(ti)高煤(mei)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)调节能(neng)(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)。继续推(tui)(tui)进电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)转型(xing)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)和(he)(he)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)。围绕(rao)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)转型(xing),找准企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)方向(xiang),尽快(kuai)实(shi)现主(zhu)营业(ye)(ye)(ye)务向(xiang)清(qing)洁(jie)低(di)碳(tan)(tan)领域转型(xing),实(shi)现发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)从粗(cu)放(fang)向(xiang)精益转变(bian),继续提(ti)升精益化(hua)(hua)管理水(shui)平(ping),加大(da)力(li)(li)度拓(tuo)展(zhan)(zhan)国际市场,积(ji)极推(tui)(tui)进技术装备(bei)和(he)(he)商业(ye)(ye)(ye)模式(shi)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin),推(tui)(tui)动传统电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)拓(tuo)展(zhan)(zhan)综合能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)服务业(ye)(ye)(ye)务。着力(li)(li)解(jie)决发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)经营困境防(fang)范市场风(feng)险。做好电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)煤(mei)含税(shui)基(ji)(ji)准价(jia)调整、燃料保供、稳定电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)煤(mei)价(jia)格、电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)煤(mei)中长协履约监督等工作,缓解(jie)发(fa)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)经营困境。

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